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Plumber salary in every state

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Whether you're just getting into the industry or are an experience plumber, it's important to know the current average plumber salaries so you can get the right pay in your area.
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Whether you’re just getting into the plumbing industry and looking for an entry-level apprenticeship, are a licensed journeyman plumber, or one of the experienced plumbers, knowing the lay of the land can be helpful.

Average hourly and top plumbing salaries in the U.S.

Pro tip: If you’re looking for more information about becoming a plumber, check out this ultimate guide on getting a plumbing license.

How much do plumbers make? In order to give you a sense of the average salary for a plumber in different locations, we scraped data from thousands of plumber job postings on, sorted it, analyzed it, and present it here for you.

We break down the average hourly rate for service plumbers across the country and by state, the average salary range for plumbers, and the number of posted plumbing job openings with a salary greater than $55,000.

Hopefully, this gives you a sense of the plumbing industry as it currently stands.

How much does a plumber make?

The average hourly rate for plumbers across the entire United States is $29.33. Annualized, that works out to a salary of around $56,330 per year.

But keep in mind that an average is just that — an average. This number includes salaries listed for plumbing positions in the areas with the highest cost of living (like San Francisco or New York) and also low cost of living, like rural towns.

If we zoom in a bit further, the state with the highest average hourly rate is Alaska. Plumbing jobs advertise an hourly rate of $91.30 on average.

On the flip side, the state with the lowest average hourly rate is Arkansas, where listings show an annual salary of $39,600.

Some of the variance may be due to how many other plumbers serve households in the same area. Other aspects to consider are the formal education you have in the trades, the number of years of hands-on experience you have, and if you are working for yourself or someone else.

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Average plumber salary by state

When looking at the plumbing industry as a whole, it can be helpful to see the average hourly amount in each individual state.

Keep in mind that this average includes both the high and low amounts, and is across a variety of positions, from temporary or contract worker all the way up to Master Plumber.

However, knowing the average hourly rate (and combining it with the other data) should give you some context for which states tend to pay the most and which pay the least.

Salary range for plumbers

Another way to understand plumbing salaries is to look at the range of pay being offered. Since the average incorporates both the highest and lowest figures, the range gives us some context about how broad the plumber pay scale is from the lowest-paid to the highest-paid plumbing positions.

Across the entire United States, the average salary range for plumbing positions runs from $45 per hour to $200.

This was calculated by averaging both the low and high end of the salary range for all states.

Note that, again, this range includes a variety of positions. Pay scale for a plumber is not only based on location, but certifications and years of experience. The highest rate could represent a Master Plumber, while a licensed journeyman is the median, and an apprentice would receive half of that rate, representing the lower end of the scale. In collecting this data, we didn’t exclude any listings based on the job title listed, so it includes all types of roles.

Plumbing salary range by state

Looking beyond the national average, we can get a sense for what plumbers are earning in each state by looking at the range of salaries shown on a state-by-state basis.

This analysis gives us a high and low benchmark for what plumbers might expect to earn in their role, based on their location.

Numerous states have an average lowest hourly wage of $7.25/hour (the minimum wage base salary). Hawaii has the highest average hourly wage at $81.85/hour.

Here’s a breakdown of the salary ranges in each state found in our analysis.

Average plumber pay vs other top jobs

Only looking at hourly rates can make it difficult to get a sense of what an annual salary might look like. It can be helpful to calculate what an hourly rate translates into over the course of an entire year.

From looking at Indeed’s data, we found that they segmented job listings into salary buckets. The highest bucket was for listings that advertised an annual salary of more than $55,000 per year. We dug into this data next.

California has the highest number of jobs listed that pay over $55,000 per year with 1,383 total listings. But, on the other hand, Rhode Island has the highest percentage of jobs listed that pay over $55,000 per year with 25.98%. (That’s 53 jobs paying more than $55k out of 204 total plumbing jobs found in our analysis.)

Cities with the highest plumbing salaries

If you’re considering a move, you want to know more about the plumber salary in specific cities. Roles in big cities tend to offer higher salaries than those in smaller towns and rural communities. This means that, as a plumber, you may not want to just compare your salary to the country as a whole or even your entire state. Instead, you can look at salaries offered in cities.

In addition to determining the states that pay the highest average amount, we also evaluated which cities within each state pay the most. In other words, if you are a plumber working in that city, you’re probably making more than most other plumbers in your state.

What follows are the cities within each state that have the highest paying average salary listed. Among these cities, Wakefield, Massachusetts and Saint Paul, Minnesota are tied for the highest average hourly rate at $48.08/hour, while Portland, Maine (the city in Maine with the highest average paying plumber salary) has the lowest average hourly rate across the U.S. at $19.61.

There was insufficient data from Alaska and Vermont for us to determine which city had the highest average hourly rate.

  • Saint Paul, MN – $48.08
  • Wakefield, MA – $48.08
  • Wilmington, DE – $46.49
  • Arlington Heights, IL – $45.31
  • San Jose, CA – $42.63
  • Mesa, AZ – $42.30
  • Silver Spring, MD – $41.38
  • Lenexa, KS – $39.44
  • Cherry Hill, NJ – $38.19
  • Portland, OR – $37.79
  • Honolulu, HI – $36.70
  • Columbia, MO – $36.38
  • Tacoma, WA – $36.08
  • Hartford, CT – $35.32
  • Springdale, AR – $35.28
  • Providence, RI – $34.67
  • Ogden, UT – $33.83
  • Fort Collins, CO – $33.40
  • Ann Arbor, MI – $33.20
  • Atlanta, GA – $32.65
  • Portsmouth, NH – $32.43
  • Alexandria, VA – $31.75
  • Omaha, NE – $30.91
  • New York, NY – $30.47
  • Philadelphia, PA – $30.39
  • Winston-Salem, NC – $30.31
  • Eau Claire, WI – $30.21
  • Cincinnati, OH – $29.71
  • Ann Arbor, MI – $33.20
  • Columbia, SC – $28.59
  • Idaho Falls, ID – $27.70
  • Indianapolis, IN – $26.57
  • Rapid City, SD – $26.32
  • Dallas, TX – $26.03
  • Kalispell, MT – $25.74
  • Biloxi, MS – $25.67
  • Henderson, NV – $33.20
  • Casper, WY – $25.25
  • Fargo, ND – $25.12
  • Hobbs, NM – $24.93
  • Baton Rouge, LA – $24.62
  • Chattanooga, TN – $24.00
  • Tulsa, OK – $23.88
  • Davenport, IA – $23.18
  • Florence, KY – $22.74
  • Fort Myers, FL – $21.85
  • Huntsville, AL – $21.08
  • Morgantown, WV – $20.00
  • Ann Arbor, MI – $33.20
  • Portland, ME – $19.61
  • Alaska – No data
  • Vermont – No data

Final Thoughts

While this data primarily represents averages throughout the United States, it does reveal a significant amount of useful information such as segmenting out those who already know how to use plumbing software.

With the average salary being approximately $50,000/year (and many jobs available above that amount), it demonstrates that plumbing is indeed a well-paying profession. Clearly, the plumbing industry is robust, and now is as good a time as any to start a plumbing career or a plumbing business.

Additionally, this data can be useful when it comes to setting competitive salaries, evaluating your personal part-time or full-time job salary, and determining what sorts of pay increase you might be able to expect in the future.

Download the full infographic for plumber salary in every state

Plumbing Salary FAQ

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How much do plumbers make? It’s more than you might think! According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average annual salary for plumbers in the United States (as of May 2021) was $63,350.1 The average hourly rate was $30.46. Those figures are obviously affected by where you live and work. Plumbers typically earn higher wages in states where the cost of living is higher like New York and California. 

Alright, so plumbers can make a great salary. You should also know that there are a wide range of additional benefits that come along with the job. Just like most jobs out there, plumbers enjoy health insurance, 401(k) plans, paid holidays and sick days, and competitive bonuses. Not only that, the need for plumbers isn’t going away any time soon! About 48,600 openings for plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters are projected to open up each year until 2031.2

Great pay and job stability makes plumbing an awesome career choice right now. 

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That is a loaded question! The amount of money a plumber makes will vary based on where they are located and their level of experience. On average, plumbers in the United States make around $63,350 per year. However, according to, master plumbers with a lot of experience under their belt can earn up to $90,687 per year.3 And plumbers in areas with higher costs of living can expect to earn even more since salary and hourly pay increases along with the cost of living.

Plumbing pros who start their own business will obviously stand to make even more. They may choose to offer additional services like installing and repairing appliances and replacing sewer lines. Independent contractors typically make more than full-time employees because they charge by the job rather than working at an hourly rate. They make a higher salary and forfeit the benefits they’d receive working for a plumbing company. 

If you’re considering a career in plumbing, keep in mind that many states require a license. Some education and training may be required. Check with your particular state laws for details. 

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The average starting salary for a plumber depends on a number of factors. Where do you live and work, and what type of plumbing services will you be providing? That being said, the average entry-level salary in America for a plumber is $41,063 per year, with a crazy wide range between $22,000 and $77,000.4 

Most starting plumbers will be paid hourly. Broken down for hourly workers, those looking to enter the plumbing field can start at around $19.74 an hour. Plumbing companies will expect you to learn your trade and complete certification or trade school courses. This specialized training will help you advance your career and eventually reach higher salaries.

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As with beginners, apprentice plumbers are usually paid hourly. Salary and commission structures may be available in some cases. According to, the average annual salary for apprentice plumbers as of February 2023 was $42,200, or $20 per hour.5 As with any job, this will vary based on the cost of living in your area. Larger cities also offer more opportunities, which honestly goes without saying. We’ll say it anyway. 

Apprentice plumbers can look forward to a number of benefits too. They usually receive full health benefits from employers. They also often receive free training, like certifications and courses required for the field. There’s also a lot of job security. As long as we have running water, gas, and pipes in our homes, we’ll need plumbers.

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So many factors go into the average salary of a business owner. The plumbing industry is no different! 

Before starting a plumbing business, remember the expenses like your van, tools and equipment, office supplies, licensing, insurance costs, and even marketing expenses. 

You’d need to be a master plumber before starting your own business. Master plumbers typically earn between $62,800 and $81,400.6 When you own the business and make money off of every transaction, you could make hundreds of thousands. 

As with any business, profit margins grow wider when you run an efficient operation that provides valuable service at competitive costs. Building up strong customer relationships also goes a long way in driving additional income opportunities over time through referrals and word-of-mouth advertising.

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There are plumbers who are just starting out in the industry, and there are master plumbers with 20+ years of experience. You can expect a wide range of hourly rates given that there’s such an expanse between rookies and veterans. Plumbers typically make between $14 to $50 an hour.8 If you work in the Big Apple, you’re going to make more than you would if you work in Orangeville, Ohio. But that’s like comparing apples and oranges. 

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Just like with non-union, the average salary for union plumbers varies depending on the specific job, experience level, and geographic area. As of March 2023, plumbers employed by a union earned an average annual wage of $69,279 per year or $33 an hour in the United States.8 

These wages are higher than those paid to nonunion construction workers who earned an average annual income of $48,430 per year or $23.30 per hour during that same period of time.9

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We all need a residential plumber from time to time. And when we need them, we really need them! Pay for a residential plumber varies on factors like location and experience, but the average annual salary for a residential plumber in the United States is $67,841 per year. It should be noted that salaries can range from as low as $30,500 to as high as $129,500.

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A commercial plumber’s income, like residential plumbers, depends on the type of work they do, their experience level, and the geographical area where they work. However, we can give you the national average, which is $79,517.9 The range swings from $51,000 on the low end to $126,000.

Commercial projects are usually more complex and on a larger scale than residential. They also require a higher level of skill and knowledge when you factor in things like building codes, regulations, and any hazardous materials. 

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